Game theory is the study of human cooperation and conflict in competitive situations. A lot of people may be intimidated by the topic of game theory, because it sounds complex. But game theory can be understood in very simple terms, and it can be a powerful teaching tool for students working to understand world history, modern political interactions, and environmental science. Simply put, game theory assumes that the players act rationally—that they will try to make the best decision to obtain their own best possible outcome—and then examines how different situations play out.
Yesterday’s announcement by President Trump that he intends to pull America out of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change is devastating on a number of levels. It is a repudiation of settled science, a failure of leadership on clean energy innovation, and an abdication of moral leadership on an issue that will determine the fates of millions of people and all of our ecosystems in the years ahead. In short, a catastrophic move with dire consequences.
Today’s middle and high schools students will grapple with the effects of a changing climate for the rest of their lives. Even if all greenhouse gas emissions stopped today, the momentum of built-up CO2 in the atmosphere means temperatures would continue to increase, sea level would continue to rise, and weather patterns would continue to shift.
There are currently 228,000 identified species calling the oceans home, but surely many more exist. Some that have yet to be named, and others that have yet to be discovered. But the world’s oceans are more than just a habitat and humans rely on them for transportation, resources, and various ecosystem services.
Over 50% of the global population, more than 3.7 billion people, live in urban areas. Back in 1800, only 3% of people were occupying cities. This large migration of people from rural to urban spaces in a relatively short amount of time had dramatic impacts on both urban dwellers and the surrounding environment.
Eighteen middle and high school students have taken a top spot in the 2016-2017 “World of 7 Billion” contest for their videos about the effect of population growth on ocean health, climate change, or rapid urbanization. The student winners were announced May 10th – check out their winning videos and learn more about them on the winners page now!
Part One of our “Benefits of Urban Gardening” Series
Air. We need it to breathe.
This is a painfully obvious observation; yet, due to the alarming decline in the quality of our air due to human activity and the fact that about 5.5 million deaths are attributed to the increase in air pollutants, it is necessary to iterate this obvious statement all the more in our current situation.
Air Pollution: A Detriment
Looking for free earth day activities for elementary students? How about utilizing an engaging format most kids enjoy – video games! The following two interactive websites offer content that is perfect for this year’s earth day theme of environmental and climate literacy.
Having environmental literacy means:
Mexico, our neighbor to the south, is one of the most populous countries in the world. And, did you know it was once home to one of the earliest great civilizations of Mesoamerica, the Olmecs? Take our Mexico population quiz to learn more!
1. In 2016 Mexico’s population was 129 million. What is Mexico’s population projected to be in 2050?