Pop Quiz: Philippines

NOTE to visitors from the Philippines: This quiz is not affiliated with the Philippines National Population Quiz Bee. We do not offer reviewers for the Quiz Bee.

The Philippines is a mountainous country with low lying coastal regions. It was named in honor of King Phillip II of Spain by Spanish explorer Ruy Lopez de Villalobos, who visited some of the islands in 1543. The Philippines enjoys a tropical climate and is prone to monsoons. Did you know that the Philippines produces and exports more coconuts than any country in the world? Or, that the Philippines is the world’s second largest archipelago? Manila, located on Luzon, the largest island, is the capital and ranks as the city with the highest population density in the world. Take our Philippines population quiz to learn more!

1.       In 2020 Philippines’s population was 109.6 million. What is Philippines’s population projected to be in 2050?

A.     134.5 million
B.     144.5 million
C.     154.5 million
D.     164.5 million

2.       The Philippines ranks as the ___ most populous country in the world.

A.      9th
B.      10th
C.      11th
D.      12th

3.       The Philippines is considered an archipelago. What is an archipelago?

A.      A collection, or group of closely scattered islands
B.      A piece of land that is surrounded by water on three sides and still connected to a mainland
C.      A pointed piece of land that sticks out into the sea
D.      A narrow strip of land connecting two larger landmasses and surrounded by water on two sides

4.       Where is the Philippines located?

A.      Southeast Asia
B.      Western Asia
C.      East Asia
D.      Central Asia

5.       How many languages are spoken in the Philippines?

A.      Between 1 – 35
B.      Between 50 – 85
C.      Between 90 – 115
D.      Between 120 – 175

6.       The Philippines was originally a _______ colony and gained its independence in 1946.

A.      Dutch
B.      French
C.      Spanish
D.      British

7.       Manila is home to 1/8 of the entire nation’s population.

A.      True
B.      False

8.        What is the fertility rate in the Philippines?

A.      1.5
B.      2.5
C.      3.5
D.      4.5

9.       What percentage of married women (ages 15 – 49) are using some method of contraception?

A.      34%
B.      44%
C.      54%
D.      64%

10.   What was the per capita GDP in 2020?

A.      $3,300
B.      $9,300
C.      $10,300
D.      $11,300


1.       B – In 2050 the Philippines population is projected to be 144.5 million.

2.       D – According to the CIA World Factbook, the Philippines is the 12th most populous country in the world.

3.       A – An archipelago is a collection, or group of closely scattered islands. The Philippines is an archipelago that consists of 7,640 islands.

4.       A – The Philippines is located in Southeast Asia.

5.       D – There are between 120 – 175 languages spoken in the Philippines.

6.       C – The Philippines was originally a Spanish colony, and then became a US territory. The Philippines declared its independence from Spain in 1898 and from the US in 1946.

7.       A – True

8.       B – 2.5.  The total fertility rate, or the average number of children a woman would throughout her child-bearing years (usually 15 to 49), of the Philippines is 2.5.

9.       C – 54% of married women in the Philippines are using some method of contraception.

10.   A – The GDP, or gross domestic product, is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. In the Philippines the GDP per capita in 2020 was $3,300.


Updated May 2022



Question 1:

United Nations Population Division. (n.d.). Population, total – Philippines. World Bank. Retrieved May 10, 2022, from https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.TOTL?locations=PH

Philippines population 2022. Philippines Demographics, Maps, Graphs. (n.d.). Retrieved May 10, 2022, from https://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/philippines-population

Question 2:

Central Intelligence Agency. (2022). Country Comparisons – Population. Retrieved May 10, 2022, from https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/field/population/country-comparison

Question 3:

Archipelago. National Geographic Society. (2012, October 9). Retrieved May 10, 2022, from https://www.nationalgeographic.org/encyclopedia/archipelago/

National Geographic. (2021, November 15). Know before you go: The Philippines. Retrieved May 10, 2022, from https://www.nationalgeographic.com/travel/article/partner-content-know-before-you-go-the-philippines

Question 4:

Southeast Asian Countries. Northern Illinois University, Center for Southeast Asian Studies. (n.d.). Retrieved May 10, 2022, from https://www.niu.edu/clas/cseas/resources/countries.shtml

Question 5:

Khan, S. (2021, December 4). How many languages are spoken in Philippines? Mars Translation. Retrieved May 10, 2022, from https://www.marstranslation.com/blog/how-many-languages-are-spoken-in-philippines

Question 6:

The Philippines, 1898–1946. US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives. (n.d.). Retrieved May 10, 2022, from https://history.house.gov/Exhibitions-and-Publications/APA/Historical-Essays/Exclusion-and-Empire/The-Philippines/

Question 7:

Philippines Demographics Profile. Index Mundi. (2021). Retrieved May 10, 2022, from https://www.indexmundi.com/philippines/demographics_profile.html

Question 8:

United Nations Population Division. (n.d.). Fertility rate, total (births per woman) – Philippines. World Bank. Retrieved May 10, 2022, from https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.DYN.TFRT.IN?locations=PH

Question 9:

United Nations Population Division. (n.d.). Contraceptive prevalence, any method (% of married women ages 15-49) – Philippines. World Bank. Retrieved May 10, 2022, from https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.DYN.CONU.ZS?locations=PH

Question 10:

World Bank National Accounts. (n.d.). GDP per capita (current US$) – Philippines. World Bank. Retrieved May 10, 2022, from https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.PCAP.CD?locations=PH